We show that the frequency of damaging convective weather events including lightning, hail and severe wind gusts will likely increase over Europe until the end of this century. We apply a set of additive regression models to an ensemble of 14 regional climate simulations and find that convective instability will increase as a result of rising humidity near the earth’s surface. Even though a slight decrease in thunderstorm occurrence in southwestern and southeastern Europe is projected, the probability of severe weather will increase throughout Europe, in particular for very large hail. It might be expected that Arctic amplification would lead to a weaker jet stream and, thus lower vertical wind shear, but we find instead that the jet changes little or even increases in situations with convective instability. To cope with the rising hazard probabilities, risk models will need to be adapted, while investment in sturdier structures, like the use of hardened glass in greenhouses or solar panels, will become more costeffective. Furthermore, the need will grow to advise the public on loss prevention by taking precautionary measures as storms approach.
Frequency of severe thunderstorms across Europe expected to increase in the 21st century due to rising instability
Ein Beitrag, Mitverfasst von Eberhard Faust im nature partner journals (npj), Climate and Atmospheric Science von 2019